Call For More Wheat Plantings This Fall-OMAFRA

Call For More Wheat Plantings This Fall-OMAFRA

on October 3 | in Tek Talk | by | with No Comments

From the OMAFRA Field Crop Report

Cereals: Peter Johnson

Spring Cereals: Finally! Two good harvest days late last week wrapped up the majority of the spring cereal harvest. Yields are exceptional, and many growers are now considering spring cereals next year rather than winter wheat this fall, with the late soybean crop. This is ridiculous. If growers get a chance to plant winter wheat, it should be the crop of choice, except in the shortest season areas. High yields of spring cereals in 2014 were a function of the abnormally cool summer, and the probability of that weather pattern repeating is extremely slim. Grow winter wheat if at all possible.

Winter Cereals: Wheat planting is underway as bean harvest and wet soils from heavy rainfall accumulations allow. We are now into the “normal” window for wheat planting in much of the province. Target 1.5 million seeds/ac (1.8 million on heavy clay) during the optimum timing window for your area (see http://bit.ly/omafrawheat1 , page 93, OMAFRA 811:Agronomy Guide). For every 5 days beyond the optimum date, increase seeding rate by 100,000 seeds/acre.

With the increase in glyphosate resistant fleabane, and its rapid spread across Ontario, weed control strategies need to be re-thought. Fall weed control becomes a MUST!! Glyphosate + Eragon will control rosette stage fleabane when applied preplant in wheat. Research by Dr. Peter Sikkema (Ridgetown Campus, University of Guelph) indicates that ¼ l/ac of dicamba gives excellent fleabane control without wheat injury: but the impact of overlaps (0.5 l/ac dicamba) is unknown. If wheat emerges before the field can be sprayed, Infinity will control fleabane in an emerged wheat crop.

Corn: Greg Stewart

Cold temps occurred across the province September 19th but frost damage was limited mainly to the Collingwood, Dundalk, Alliston areas and east of Brockville. Low temperatures reached the minus 2-3 C range in some of these locations. Leaf damage was extensive but stalk and shank damage was restricted mainly to the coldest areas. A killing frost (stems and leaves) that occur