• Kearney Planters

    Feb 21 | 1521 Views | No Comments

    Kearney Planters established in 1979 by Barry Kearney’s own quest to modify his corn planter Kearney Planters is a name that farmers have grown to trust planting through harvest. Growing and adapting through the past 36 years the business has now expanded into two working shops and a new...

  • DeGoeys Nursery And Flowers

    Jul 9 | 1934 Views | No Comments

    In 1976, the DeGoey family were fresh market field growers. John and Jane DeGoey believed that growing flowers was a niche they could build, and in 1980 they built their first greenhouse for flowers. Today the whole family is involved in the thriving business. Building slowly through the years, the...

  • Geo Produce

    Jul 9 | 1920 Views | No Comments

    Starting as a 1-acre greenhouse back in 1990, the Knoteck family has grown Geo Produce to a 12+ acre, high-tech greenhouse operation. Operated by skilled professionals, Geo Produce grows 7 acres of red, yellow and orange bell peppers as well as 4.5 acres of TOV greenhouse product, such as...

  • Buis Beef

    Jul 9 | 2007 Views | No Comments

    Buis Beef is a third generation family farm with a mixed farming operation with vegetable crops (sweet-corn, green beans) and field crops (corn and beans & wheat) as well as a herd of 350 beef cows. They are known as an innovative farm because they are not afraid to try new operational...

  • Jennen Family Farm Market

    Jul 9 | 1774 Views | No Comments

    The Jennen’s have been in Wabash for over 20 years. Their family farm has grown every year, with recent expansion to 12 acres of High Tunnels and into long-season berry production. The High Tunnels allow for a longer and more sustainable growing season by moderating temperature, wind and...

  • River Bell Market Garden

    Jul 9 | 1483 Views | No Comments

    River Bell Market Garden has been farming organically since 19990 and has been certified organic for fruits and vegetables since 2003. Their unique “organic vegetable box” program delivers a crate of fresh organic vegetables to your house or a local drop-off area throughout the year. River Bell...

  • Giffin’s Maple Syrup Products

    May 7 | 3105 Views | No Comments

    Giffin’s Maple Syrup Products is a family operation owned Don and Jean Giffin.  They began their maple syrup operation in 1980 and have 2800 taps in their 50-acre maple bush. Always open to innovation, in 2015 Giffins started utilizing reverse osmosis for production, which removes 75% of water...

  • The Pickle Station

    May 7 | 1618 Views | No Comments

    In 1964, Norm VanRoboys sold a load of cucumbers to Walter Bick, founder of Bick’s Pickles. That same year, VanRoboys contracted 2 million pounds of cucumbers to Chatham-Kent farmers, which was the beginning of VanRoboys “Pickle Station”. Today, the third generation of VanRoboys manages the...

  • McGrail Farm Equipment

    May 7 | 2065 Views | No Comments

    McGrail Farm Equipment has been a successful Southwestern Ontario John Deere dealer for 50 years. John Deere is continually developing new products to improve agriculture production. McGrail Farm Equipment is committed to enhancing the capabilities of the products they sell by keeping all employees...

  • Devolder Farms

    Mar 27 | 1782 Views | No Comments

    Recognizing the needs of other farmers in the area, Bob and Diane Devolder established Devolder Farms Seeds in 1988. Today, Devolder Farms is a family-owned and operated business with an active presence within the farming Chatham-Kent community. In 1974, Bob Devolder acquired and has maintained his...

  • Early Acres Estate Winery

    Mar 27 | 1673 Views | No Comments

    Wine production is truly a family experience for Mike and Sue Korpan. Their Early Acres Estate Winery is set on 7.5 acres of sandy loam soil, which is perfectly suited to the success of their grapes. The warm summers and cool falls of Chatham-Kent provide the perfect combination of flavour and body...

  • Sunshine Farms

    Dec 15 | 1525 Views | No Comments

    Sunshine Farms, founded by John and Claudia Jaques,  began growing  and pickling asparagus in 1982. Once their friends and family tasted the fresh, crisp product, the demand grew. Today, Sunshine Farms, also run by sons Josh, Ben and Adrian, offer fresh asparagus as well as 23 types of pickles,...

  • The Ag Mag

    Nov 7 | 2358 Views | No Comments

    Here is the latest copy of the AgMag.  Enjoy! AgMag_WEB  ...

  • Uher’s Performance Feeds

    Sep 30 | 2027 Views | No Comments

    Uher’s Performance Feeds not only provides feed for livestock and pet food for small animals, they provide solutions to your feed challenges.  From wine, cattle and equine feed to sheep, poultry, game bird, pet feed and wild birdseed, customers can find all of this and more in-store at Uher’s...

  • Lloyd Bag Company

    Sep 19 | 2066 Views | No Comments

    Since 1939, the Lloyd Bag Company has been manufacturing and distributing bags throughout North America.  Today they manufacture and import woven fabric bags including jute, burlap, leno mesh, woven polypropylene, cotton, canvas, paper, bulk bags, BOPP bags and tote bags. With a variety of...

  • Crazy Eight Barn

    Sep 2 | 1901 Views | No Comments

    Expanding Chatham-Kent’s agri-tourism market is the popular Crazy Eight Barn. The 8-sided barn was originally built for stabling animals, but was left empty for years until Susanne Spence-Wilkins saw it and made plans of her own. She carefully disassembled the building and moved it to Palmyra, on...

  • Dover Corn Products

    Aug 19 | 1945 Views | No Comments

    Dover Corn Products Ltd., a 100% Canadian, family owned and operated facility, is quickly becoming an industry leader in the dry corn milling market. They are proud to bring one of Canada’s oldest and most stable industries back to Ontario. Dover Corn Products is the only dry corn mill in...

  • Thompsons Limited

    Aug 5 | 1663 Views | No Comments

    Since 1924, Thompsons principal business has involved the distribution of corn, soybeans, wheat, and dry beans as well as providing farmers with the necessary inputs to produce and grow successful crops. Thompsons Limited provides high quality agricultural supplies and services, including seed,...

  • London Agricultural Commodities

    Feb 14 | 2246 Views | No Comments

    London Agricultural Commodities (LAC) is privately held enterprise that operates two facilities in Chatham-Kent, has several marketing arrangements with independently owned elevators throughout Ontario.  Through our London office, LAC markets a variety of grains around the world. In Tupperville,...

  • Roesch Meats And More

    Feb 7 | 2029 Views | No Comments

    Roesch Meats and more has been serving the highest quality, freshest meats available since 1995. Their pork is fed and raised on-site, with no medication in the feed or water. They also offer Ontario beef and chicken, and all is sold through their on-site retail operation.  Lamb is available...

  • Harvest-Pac Products Inc.

    Jan 17 | 2089 Views | No Comments

    With the belief that if you begin with a superior raw product, you will produce a superior finished product, Harvest-Pac Products has been processing locally-grown vegetables and fruit since the early 1990s. Prior to entering into the processing side of the business, three generations of the...

  • Delhaven Orchards

    Jan 7 | 1741 Views | No Comments

    Delhaven Orchards Ltd. is a family farm owned and operated by Marilyn and Hector Delanghe. Over 400 acres are farmed and crops grown include apples (16 varieties), peaches (12 varieties), sweet cherries (6 varieties), pears (3 varieties), apricots (4 varieties), nectarines (3 varieties),...

  • Truly Green Farms

    Dec 23 | 1749 Views | No Comments

    Recognized as the first of its kind in North America, Truly Green Farms, operated by the Devries family, is 22.5 acres of greenhouse that produces up to 21 million kilograms of tomatoes annually. In partnership with GreenField Ethanol, the green house utilizes the ethanol plant’s waste heat and...

  • Pride Seeds

    Dec 17 | 1244 Views | No Comments

    The goal of Pride Seeds is to create a unique product experience that results in higher profits for corn, soybean and forage crop growers. Pride strives to increase profitability for growers by delivering superior seed. Pride Seeds is part of AgReliant Genetics, which has one of the largest...

  • Ag Business Update – September 2019

    on November 8 | in Ag News | by | with Comments Off on Ag Business Update – September 2019

    This update is designed to provide you with concise, up to date agricultural business information with links to where you can find the details.
    This Issue:
    BusinessBusiness Strategy / Business Planning
    Place to Grow: Agri-food Innovation Initiative
     
    Place to Grow: Agri-Food Innovation Initiative provides cost-share funding opportunities to agriculture and food-value chain partners, which encourages greater collaboration to identify opportunities and address challenges in the sector.
    The Place to Grow Guide for Applicants provides detailed program information around available funding and applicant requirements. Additionally, program inquiries can be directed to the Agriculture Information Contact Center at: 1-877-424-1300.

    Eligible applicants can apply for cost-share funding beginning August 15, 2019, when the Place to Grow intake opens. This intake will remain open until Sept. 27, 2019.

    FMFinancial Management
    ACC Program Comparison
     
    What’s Important to you?
    • Maximize cash flow
    • Low or no interest
    • Financing for production or marketing
    • Year-round operating capital
    Here are some options:
    • Commodity Loan Program (CLP)
    • Advance Payments Program (APP)
     
    humanHuman Resources
    Agri-Food Immigration Pilot
    The Agri-Food Immigration Pilot will test a new, industry-specific approach to help address the labour needs of the Canadian agri-food sector, particularly in meat processing and mushroom production.
    While immigration in the agricultural sector is largely based on seasonal workers, this pilot aims to enhance the benefits of economic immigration to the agri-food sector by testing a new pathway to permanent residence.
    The pilot will seek to attract experienced, non-seasonal workers who can economically establish in Canada, and who support the ongoing labour needs of the agri-food sector.
    Details on how individuals may apply for permanent residence through this pilot will be available in early 2020.
     

    More>>

    Brigid Rivoire Award for Champions of Agricultural Mental Health
    The Brigid Rivoire Award for Champions of Agricultural Mental Health annually recognizes a specific initiative that has made outstanding contributions in raising awareness, addressing stigma, and supporting mental health for farmers in their local community. This annual award includes a $2,000 donation to a mental health initiative of the recipient’s choice, along with an invitation to attend the Canadian Federation of Agriculture’s (CFA) Annual General Meeting in February with all expenses paid.The recipient will also be profiled by the Canadian Federation of Agriculture through a written profile highlighting their work in the community and sharing the good work they have done.
    The deadline for Expressions of Interest is October 11th, 2019.
     

    More>>

    National Farm Leadership Program Launches in 2020 
    Farm Management Canada is launching a new National Farm Leadership Program designed for Canadian farmers. Few of us consider our own leadership as a competitive advantage, however research shows that leader effectiveness can account for as much as 1/3 of business performance. Farm Management Canada has engaged LeaderShift Inc. to support the development of leader effectiveness in Canada’s ag sector.
    Interested in enrolling?

    The National Farm Leadership Program begins January 27 2020. Residency takes places March 10 – 12 in Sidney, British Columbia. The deadline to apply is January 17th. For more information, visit leader-shift.ca/national-farm-leadership-program.

    Wilson Loree Award
    Farm Management Canada is seeking to honour individuals or groups with the 2019 Wilson Loree Award.  This prestigious award was established over fifteen years ago, to honour those that have made an extraordinary contribution to developing and promoting new and positive change in agricultural business management practices and expertise in Canada.
    Nominations are required by October 4, 2019.
     

    More>>

    marketingMarketing
    Ontario Farm Fresh Marketing Association: What’s in Season?
    Seasonality is Reality
     
    Ontario has four seasons. Many advances have been made to expand the growing season from weeks to several months. Because of our seasonality, different crops are harvested at different times of the year. Click on a month below to view the availability of Ontario’s bounty.
    Foodland Ontario – Availability guide
    See when Ontario fruits and vegetables are in season. Plus, get seasonal updates and more on our Facebook and Twitter pages. To help make healthier food choices, consider using the Foodland Ontario nutrition guide.

    Availability guide>>

    Farmers’ Markets Ontario
     

    Market Finder>>

    Harvest Ontario
    Harvest Ontario is all about discovering agricultural oriented attractions in the form of day-trip style outings which can last an hour, a weekend or more.
    Economical, fun, healthy and educational, agritourism is without a doubt, the best-valued family experience available today.
     

    More>>

    PMProduction Management
    Social Impacts of Digital Agricultural Technologies: Perspectives from Canada

    Invitation to participate in a research project – University of Guelph
    The objective of this study is to understand farmer perspectives of precision agriculture technology, to understand how these technologies are being used on the farm, to examine farmers’ use of agricultural data and their perceptions of digital agricultural data rights and ownership.

    More>>

    Veal Cost of Production tool
     
    Veal Farmers of Ontario (VFO) and the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA), have developed a Cost of Production (COP) tool to help producers calculate their annual costs and use them for planning.
    The COP tool was designed to accommodate multiple production systems, including growing to finishing, starting with preconditioned calves, or a combination of both.
    As the Ontario veal sector continues to evolve, tools and resources that help producers determine their COP will be extremely useful for current veal producers and new entrants looking to improve business management and profitability, and better evaluate expansion and start-up opportunities.

    The Excel tool is available in English and French.

    RMRisk Management
    Applying for an AgriStability interim payment? Agricorp can help
    Ontario farmers who are in AgriStability don’t need to wait to apply for a 2019 AgriStability payment. AgriStability interim payment applications are now available; interim payments can provide cash flow sooner, when it’s needed most. Interim payments are 50 per cent of a farmer’s estimated final payment.
    Farmers whose income has declined more than 30 per cent can contact Agricorp to apply for an interim payment. Customers can call Agricorp at 1-888-247-4999 or complete an interim payment application.
    In addition, AgriStability participants who are experiencing financial distress can call Agricorp to ask for their 2018 forms to be prioritized for review.
    ConfConferences, Workshops and Seminars
    OMAFRA Dateline is an online resource for use by interested individuals and organizations across Ontario. Events may be hosted by OMAFRA or other groups. The events posted on this site are aimed at sharing information of interest to agriculture and regional economic development clients. Please check the calendar regularly for upcoming events, workshops, conferences and meetings.
    CAP Workshops & Webinars
    A variety of excellent workshops and webinars are offered at no cost by OSCIA as part of Canadian Agricultural Partnership to assist Ontario farm businesses in identifying strengths and weaknesses in a variety of areas that influence the farm’s profitability, productivity and sustainability. The workshops and webinars each have a different focus and different goals.
     

    More>>

    FCC Events
     
    Make the most of your farm business
    Practical tools, new perspectives and breakthrough moments – expand your ag knowledge at a free FCC learning event. We bring the best minds in agriculture to communities across Canada to inform, inspire and help you get the most from your business.
    CAFA Farm Tax and Legal Update
    Join farm advisors on Thursday, October 17 in Waterloo for CAFA’s annual Farm Tax Update.

    Details coming soon at www.cafanet.ca or email info@cafanet.ca.

    Agricultural Excellence Conference (AgEx)
     
    Farm Management Canada
    Cultivating Resilience
     
    The theme Cultivating Resilience focuses on building the capacity for you and your farm to weather any storm and seize opportunity.
     
    December 2 – 4 2019
    Fredericton, New Brunswick
     
    CAFA’s Farm Transition Update
    Thursday, January 23, 2020, Ivey Spencer, London
    Farm Transition education day for farm advisors and farm managers.
    Watch for details at www.cafanet.ca.
    CAFA’s Focus on Women in Farming
    Thursday, April 23, 2020 Ivey Spencer, London
    A day focusing on what women in farming want and need to know.
    Watch for details at www.cafanet.ca.
    CAFA’s Farm Management Update
    Thursday, June 4, 2020, Elmhurst Inn, Ingersoll
    Leading edge farm business management tools and insight.
    Watch for details at www.cafanet.ca.
    Thanks for reading the AgBusiness Update.
    Questions or Comments: contact the editor, John Molenhuis at john.molenhuis@ontario.ca
    Subscribe to the Ag Business Update: send an email to AgBusinessUpdate@ontario.ca  or go to our webpage and click on subscribe.  This will send an email to us and we will add your name to the list.
    Changed Your Email?  Please let us know by sending us an email at AgBusinessUpdate@ontario.ca.
    Other E-mail Notifications and Newsletters We Offer:
    Business
     
    Crops
    Read More »
  • Kemptville Vegetable Workshop

    on October 22 | in Ag News | by | with Comments Off on Kemptville Vegetable Workshop

    The Veg Team will be coming to Kemptville October 29th and 30th to host two days of Vegetable Pest and Production workshops. The workshops will include field scouting, diagnostics as well as production practices. When not presenting, Amanda Tracey, Dennis Van Dyk, Elaine Roddy and Travis Cranmer will be around to answer specific questions not covered in individual sessions.

    Tuesday, October 29th
    10:00-2:30 Garlic
    2:30-3:30 Cucurbits
    3:30-4:30 Sweet Corn

    Wednesday, October 30th
    9:00-10:30 Potatoes
    10:30-12:00 Tomatoes & Peppers
    1:00-2:00 Onions
    2:00-3:00 Carrot
    3:00-4:00 Brassica Crops

    Grenville Mutual Community Room, 380 Colonnade Drive, Kemptville

    The cucurbit, sweet corn, potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, onions, carrot and brassica crops sessions will focus primarily on pest identification and management. The garlic portion of the workshop is more detailed and will cover clean seed, cultivar selection, seeding density, nutrient testing, scape removal, weed control, crop insurance, harvesting, grading, storing as well as scouting/pest management. This workshop is tailored to everyone including those starting into garlic production or someone who has 30 years of growing experience.

    A colour production and pest management guide containing all the workshop slides will be provided each day. Coffee and refreshments will be provided; lunch on your own.

    Pre-registration is required, please call 1 877 424 1300 or E-mail ag.info.omafra@ontario.ca to register. Please indicate what day you are attending. E-mail any questions to travis.cranmer@ontario.ca.

    Read More »
  • A Scattered Start For Leek Moth In 2019

    on October 21 | in Ag News | by | with Comments Off on A Scattered Start For Leek Moth In 2019

    Originally published in the September edition of The Grower

    Leek moth (Acrolepiopsis assectella) is a destructive pest of Allium species including onions, shallots and chives, but prefers leeks and garlic. All parts of the plant including the leaves, stems, flower stalks, scapes, and bulbs are targeted. Feeding injury in leeks and green onions renders the crop unmarketable while in garlic the moth destroys leaves, bores into the scape and cloves and also creates an entry point for fungi or bacteria.

    Leek moth was first detected in Canada near Ottawa in 1993 and has since spread west through Ontario, east towards the maritimes (Québec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island), and south into the United States (New York and Vermont). During the 2018 season leek moth was captured throughout Southwestern Ontario and was identified as far west as Lambton and Chatham-Kent counties. So far, leek moth has not been detected in Essex, Elgin, Niagara or Bruce counties.

    Managing leek moth once it is established has shown to be difficult. In areas with high infestations, floating row covers are often the most effective pest management strategy. Row covers are generally hard to implement over large acreages and must be applied prior to adult activity in each generation in order to be effective.

    The efficacy of insecticide applications is difficult to assess. Leek moth larvae are often found near the plant’s meristem or in the stem or scape which makes it difficult to make contact with an insecticide. As the larvae grows older, it ventures out onto the leaf which makes it more vulnerable to the insecticide application. Not all female leek moths lay their eggs the same day, or in the same week, which makes it even more difficult to time an insecticide application. Population peaks vary based on many factors and this year we found fields that were relatively close to each other had different peaks in the leek moth captures.

    The best way to determine the level of leek moth pressure in your field is to monitor using a pheromone trap lined with a removable sticky card (Figure 1). Traps and lures can be purchased from Cooper Mill Ltd (ipm@coopermill.com) and Distributions Solida (info@solida.ca). Order Delta 1 traps with removable liners and mount the trap in the field at the end of April as adult moths emerge from overwintering spots when night temperatures reach 9.5°C. Place at least two traps per field, near the field perimeters, as this is where the highest leek moth numbers are usually observed. Each trap requires at least 14 sticky cards for the season and if the pheromone lure is changed every three weeks, you would require approximately five lures per trap. Extra traps are always a good idea, as traps are sometimes lost or damaged.

    Fig1-Adult leek moth on sticky card accented by the tip of a paperclip.
    Figure 1. Adult leek moth on sticky card accented by the tip of a paperclip.

    This year over 10 conventional and organic garlic and leek fields were monitored in Southern Ontario (Figure 2). There was no clear peak flight of male moths early in the season as there has been in previous years. Many regions in Southwestern Ontario experienced a cool, wet spring which likely influenced the first flight of overwintering adults.

    Fig2-LeekMothChart2019.JPG
    Figure 2. Leek moth counts from multiple traps in garlic and leek fields in various Ontario counties in 2019. No clear peak flight of male moths early in the season as there has been in previous years.

    Insecticide applications are best when targeted at the second generation of leek moth larvae which was between the first week of June to around mid July this year. If the number of overwintering moths trapped was low and minimal damage by first generation larvae was seen in the field, a single insecticide application 10 days after the peak of the second flight would be most effective. If the damage to the crop was moderate to severe the previous year, and/or the trap counts of overwintering moths were high and damage by first generation larvae was observed in the field, two insecticide applications may be necessary. Two applications will target the most larvae if they are applied 3 days after the date of peak moth capture and the second treatment 14 days later. Currently, Matador 120EC, Bioprotec CAF, Delegate WG and Entrust are registered for leek moth management in garlic in Canada. These insecticides are most effective when they make contact with the larvae.

    Renfrew County Leek Moth Captures 2019
    Figure 3. Leek moth counts at a field site in Renfrew county. With no conventional insecticides applied, the level of captured leek moths doubled in 2019 (purple) compared to 2018 (pink) at a site in Renfrew county.

    In 2019 several of the same fields from the previous year were monitored and differences in the adult moth populations were recorded. With no conventional insecticides applied, the level of captured leek moths doubled in 2019 compared to 2018 at a site in Renfrew county (Figure 3). However, exclusion nets at this field site have shown to be quite effective at eliminating insect damage. At a field site in Huron county, two insecticide applications were applied after the second peak in June 2018 corresponding to peak moth counts using sticky cards (Figure 4). Traps counts at this location suggest that the level of leek moths present are much lower here than they were in 2018.

    Huron County Leek Moth Captures 2019
    Figure 4. Leek moth counts at a field site in Huron county in 2018 (light green) and 2019 (dark green). Two insecticide applications were applied after the second peak in June 2018 corresponding to peak moth counts using sticky cards. Research suggests that timing insecticide applications directly after peak insect captures have the best chance at reducing leek moth populations.

    Work is being conducted to evaluate a parasitic wasp as a biocontrol for leek moth. Releases of Diadromus pulchellus in Ontario have been conducted by researchers at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC, Dr. Peter Mason’s lab) over the last decade. Early research shows that D. pulchellus overwinters in Ontario and its impact in reducing leek moth populations in a commercial setting is currently being evaluated.

    Always observe a 3 year or more crop rotation and avoid planting near infested areas from the previous season if possible. Collect and destroy any scapes or stems that show any sign of leek moth damage including the pupae (Figure 4). After the crop is harvested, check for small, 2mm-wide holes in the sheath of the garlic bulb and cloves and cull any that you find. Burying plant debris after harvest will also reduce pupae and larvae populations.

    If you are a grower of garlic, onions, brassicas, potatoes, carrots, tomatoes, peppers, sweet corn or cucurbits, you might be interested in an IPM Scouting Workshop in Kemptville October 29th and 30th.  Register by calling the Agricultural Information Contact Centre (AICC) at 1-877-424-1300. The garlic portion will focus on production as well as pest management while most of the remaining information will focus mainly on pest identification and management. Agenda with times for the different crops will be released shortly. E-mail travis.cranmer@ontario.ca if you have any questions.

    We are also hosting a Garlic Production and Pest Management Workshop this winter in Guelph. Topics include purchasing clean seed, row spacing and crop density, cultivar selection, crop insurance options, choosing the right equipment, crop rotation, processing, leek moth management, garlic viruses as well as information on bulb and stem nematode and other garlic diseases. If you or anyone else you know would like to attend the garlic workshop this December, please register by calling the AICC at 1-877-424-1300.

    Garlic Workshop – Production and Pest Management of Ontario Garlic

    • December 4th, 2019 from 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
    • 1 Stone Rd. West, Guelph, conference rooms 2 & 3
    • Booklet provided; lunch on your own; pay parking available for $12/day
    Read More »
  • Vegetable Crop Report – October 10, 2019

    on October 20 | in Ag News | by | with Comments Off on Vegetable Crop Report – October 10, 2019

    NOTE: Degree Day data as of September 27, 2019.

    This will be the final week for the 2019 edition of the VCR. Thank-you to all who followed along this year!

    Did you find the VCR helpful this growing season? Please let us know with a brief survey!

    Temperature – Harvest continues to be underway for for remaining vegetable crops fields across the province . Cooler, seasonal temperatures have been seen in all growing regions with small localized patches of frost  reported in some low lying areas. Continue to monitor weather conditions and take appropriate measures to protect crops still in the field from frost damage where possible.

    Rainfall – September precipitation varied across the province. Continue (when possible) to avoid entering fields which are still wet from precipitation events or morning dew, especially in fields which may be a few a couple of weeks from harvest in the southern portions of the province. This will help to avoid the potential spread of pathogens from plant to plant in the field. Harvesting equipment should be cleansed between the harvesting of fields to avoid the spread of soil-borne pathogens.

    Crop Updates

    Brassica Crops – Harvest continues though out Ontario and the warm weather over the last two weeks has allowed many head brassicas to mature. Flea beetles continue to be a major pest in most areas. Alternaria and bacterial head rot has been a problem for some broccoli and cauliflower plantings. A clubroot pathotype study is underway; if you have Brassicas with clubroot and are interested in determining what pathotype of clubroot is present, E-mail travis.cranmer@ontario.ca for more information. Are you interested in pest and pathogen identification training? Save the date for the spring Brassica IPM workshop – Thursday, April 30th, 2020 at 1 Stone Road in Guelph. A registration announcement will be posted on the ONvegetables blog in early 2020.

    Carrots – It was a great year for carrots as most fields look good above and below ground. Anecdotally cavity spot incidence was up this year, likely from the wet spring we experienced in most regions.

    Celery – Harvest is underway but overall it has been a decent growing season for celery. While there are multiple pathogens present causing celery leaf curl and other diseases, in general the disease incidence is low relative to other years. There is a celery IPM session planned for May 7th, 2020 at 1 Stone Road in Guelph. This workshop will cover scouting for pest and pathogens of celery along with carrots and onions. A registration announcement will be posted on the ONvegetables blog in early 2020.

    Garlic – Garlic planting has started across SW Ontario for the 2020 crop. If you are purchasing planting stock, it is extremely important that you ensure that what you are planting is free of bulb and stem nematode. Even cloves with an intact basal plate and no observable damage may have nematodes present. The UofG Pest Diagnostic Clinic in Guelph as well as A&L labs in London conduct nematode testing. There will be another full day workshop in Guelph on December 4th from 9-4:30 that will cover every part of garlic production including clean seed, cultivar selection, seeding density, nutrient testing, scape removal, weed control, crop insurance, harvesting, grading, storing as well as scouting/pest management. If there is time at the end of the workshop we will go over a cost of production spreadsheet. To register, call the Agriculture Information Contact Centre at 1 877-424-1300. s. The level of thrips has reached the spray threshold in most areas. Downy mildew was confirmed in Ontario transplant onions a few weeks ago; but conditions have not been favourable for sporulation and infection in the major onion growing regions. Conditions were favourable for pink root and onion smut development this year and will impact the yield in many fields come harvest.

    Onions  Harvest continues for dry bulb onions. Sporulation and infection may have been conducive for downy mildew in the Holland Marsh which has potential to damage late plantings of green onions. The level of Stemphylium leaf blight development seemed to be less than last year and the level of thrips this year was low in most areas. The level of pink root and onion smut seemed to be higher this year but overall yield and quality seems to be good across the province. There is a onion IPM session planned for May 7th, 2020 at 1 Stone Road in Guelph. This workshop will cover scouting for pest and pathogens of onions along with carrots and celery. A registration announcement will be posted on the ONvegetables blog in early 2020.

    Peppers – Many processing and fresh market peppers are staying in the ground until frost, with hand harvesting continuing until then. Overall, the season seemed good for peppers. As of October 10, 2019, there have not been any pepper weevil caught on outdoor traps in Ontario.

    Potatoes – Harvest continues at full speed with most growers on-schedule and storages filling fast. Overall quality looks great with yields variable across the board. Many non-irrigated fields just didn’t get enough rain during bulking to fulfill their potential while some irrigated fields and fields that caught the later rains bulked up nicely. We’ve seen a slight increase in scab incidence likely from the dry weather we experience during tuber initiation. Growers did an excellent job controlling late blight this season as there were no outbreaks, even with some stretches of susceptible weather later in the season

    Tomatoes – Processing tomatoes are wrapping up harvest within the next week or so and fresh market tomatoes will continue until frost. Yields look average compared to other years, though there was a lot of variability between growers and varieties. Bacterial disease was a struggle in both the spring and late summer for many growers, due to the wet conditions.

    Read More »
  • Fall To Me Is Apples

    on October 18 | in Kim Cooper | by | with Comments Off on Fall To Me Is Apples

    With Labour day behind us and Thanksgiving fast approaching my mind has turned to thoughts of Fall; even though it is technically not here yet. The fruit that says Fall tio me is apples.

    Here is some info on apples.

    Historically apples originated in Central Asia and their wild ancestors can still be found there

    Biological Apples are the fruit of the deciduous tree Malus domestica. Apples are part of the rose family. There are over 7000 varieties of apples grown in the world although not all are produced commercially. Apples do not breed true from seed, which means if you were to save an apple seed and plant it, it would not produce the same variety from which it came. Commercial apple production is based on grafting the cultivar we want to eat onto a rootstock. Different types of apples are used for different end uses. An apple that is best for cider is not usually the best for fresh eating. Apples are self-incompatible; they must cross-pollinate to develop fruit. An average apple tree will produce 20 bushels of apples A bushel of apples weights about 42 pounds.

    It takes:

    Two pounds of apples to make a pie. Four apples to make a glass of apple juice. 36 apples to create one gallon of apple cider.

    Nutritionally Apples are free of fat, sodium and cholesterol. They are approximately 80 calories and have 5 grams of fiber but if you peel your apple you lose most of the fibre.

    The only apples native to north America are crab apples.

    In Ontario there are over 15 000 acres of apples in over 15 varieties. The top five varieties in Ontario are McIntosh, Gala, Honeycrisp, Red Delicious, and Empire

    Total world production of apples is approx. 83 million metric tonnes and half of this is produced in China

    The apple genome has 57 ,000 genes which is more than any plant studied so far and more than the human genome (which was approximately 30,000 genes)

    Some of the many ways to eat apples include apple pie, apple crisp, apple cake, apple sauce (which you can also use to make apple sauce cake), apple butter, apple jelly, candy apples and caramel apples

    Apples can also be drank: apple juice, apple cider (both non-alcoholic and alcoholic , called hard cider)

    Our local apple producers have many varieties and many delicious apple products for you to enjoy. Make sure you get some and remember “ an apple a day keeps the doctor away”

    Chris White lives in former Harwich township next door to where he grew up. Chris has been employed in Agri Business for 20 years. He is passionate about food and rural communities and agriculture. He can be reached at white.christopherdavid@gmail.com

    “Remember that here in Chatham-Kent ‘We Grow for the World’. Check out our community’s agriculture website at: wegrowfortheworld.com”

    Read More »
  • Nova Fungicide Label Expanded Via Minor Use Program For Control Of Powdery Mildew On Globe Artichokes And Greenhouse Eggplant In Canada

    on October 17 | in Ag News | by | with Comments Off on Nova Fungicide Label Expanded Via Minor Use Program For Control Of Powdery Mildew On Globe Artichokes And Greenhouse Eggplant In Canada

    J. Chaput, OMAFRA, Minor Use Coordinator, Guelph

    The Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) recently announced the approval of URMULE registrations for NovaTM Fungicide for control of powdery mildew on globe artichokes and greenhouse eggplant in Canada. NovaTM Fungicide was already labeled for use on a number of crops in Canada for control of several diseases.

    These minor use projects were submitted by Ontario’s minor use program as a result of minor use priorities established by growers and extension personnel.

    The following is provided as an abbreviated, general outline only. Users should be making pest management decisions within a robust integrated pest management program and should consult the complete label before using NovaTM Fungicide.

    Crop(s) Target Rate (g/ha) Application Information PHI (days)
    Globe Artichokes Powdery mildew
    (Erysiphe cichoracearum; Leveillula taurica)
    280 Begin applications when disease first appears or when conditions favor disease development. Repeat application at 14-day intervals and a maximum of 6 applications per year. For best results use a minimum of 1000 L of spray volume. 3
    Greenhouse Eggplant Powdery mildew
    (Leveillula taurica; Oidium neolycopersici)
    340 Begin application as soon as possible after initial infection. Maximum 1 application per crop cycle. Apply as a foliar spray in a maximum spray volume of 1000 L water/ha. 3

    NovaTM Fungicide is toxic to birds, small wild mammals, aquatic organisms and non-target terrestrial plants. The use of this chemical may result in contamination of groundwater particularly in areas where soils are permeable (i.e. sandy soil) and/or the depth to the water table is shallow. Do not contaminate aquatic habitats when spraying or when cleaning and rinsing spray equipment or containers.

    Follow all other precautions and directions for use on the NovaTM Fungicide label carefully.

    For a copy of the new minor use label contact your local crop specialist, regional supply outlet or visit the PMRA label site https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/consumer-product-safety/pesticides-pest-management/registrants-applicants/tools/pesticide-label-search.html

    Note: This article is not intended to be an endorsement or recommendation for this particular product, but rather a notice of registration activity

    Read More »
  • Vegetable Crop Report – September 19, 2019

    on October 16 | in Ag News | by | with Comments Off on Vegetable Crop Report – September 19, 2019

    Temperature – Degree day values continued to steadily grow this week despite cooler daytime and night temperatures. Chatham and Essex, have continued to stay on track with their average degree day accumulation while the remaining growing regions continue to accumulate below their average values.

    Rainfall – Precipitation continued this week with all region receiving rainfall. Most regions are at, or above the halfway point of their respective precipitation averages. Essex county in particular is quickly approaching its monthly average, and on its way to exceed it should rainfall continue in the region. Continue (when possible) to avoid entering fields which are still wet from precipitation events or morning dew, especially in fields which still have a few more weeks of growing before harvest. This will help to avoid the potential spread of pathogens from plant to plant in the field

    Crop Updates

    Brassica Crops – Fresh market cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower are being harvested. The latest plantings are establishing well and the warm weather forecasted for the next two weeks should allow for some late season growth. Alternaria, flea beetles and diamondback moth were found in high levels this year and flea beetles continue to be a major pest in some fields. Bacterial head rot has also been found to be a problem again this year in both southwestern and eastern Ontario. Brussels Sprouts are maturing and harvest will likely start in early fields over the next few

    Carrots – With the cooler weather, carrots are really bulking up nicely. We’ve seen some cavity spot on harvested carrots and leaf blights have also been increasing with the cooler weather and closed canopies. Continue to monitor for leaf blight and use a spray threshold of 25% incidence in the field.

    Celery – Harvest is underway. Multiple pathogens are present causing celery leaf curl, white mold and bacterial rots but disease incidence is low relative to other years.

    Garlic – Yields were down over 25% across the province this season and a cloudy spring as well as a winter of flooding and freeze/thaw cycles are being blamed for a decrease in yield. Planting has started across SW Ontario for the 2020 crop. Register for the December 4th garlic workshop by calling the AICC at 1 877 424-1300.

    Onions – Harvest is underway in transplants and direct seeded onions. The level of thrips has reached the spray threshold in most areas. Downy mildew was confirmed in Ontario transplant onions a few weeks ago; but conditions have not been favourable for sporulation and infection in the major onion growing regions. Conditions were favourable for pink root and onion smut development this year and will impact the yield in many fields come harvest.

    Potatoes – Many fields are being top-killed currently in preparation for harvest. There have been multiple reports of late blight in New York close to the Ontario border so remain vigilant in scouting for late blight. Refer to Publication 838 for fungicides registered to prevent tuber blight.

    Peppers – Fresh market growers are continuing to hand harvest. Growers that plan to keep their crop until frost should expected decreased fruit set and size due to the cooler night time temperatures. Some processing peppers have started their bulk, destructive harvest, though most are still hand picking. The pepper weevil survey will be continuing until the end of September. As of Friday, September 13, no pepper weevils have been observed on outdoor traps.

    Tomatoes – Harvest is ongoing in both fresh market and processing tomatoes. Processing tomatoes yields looks like they will be average, at least. Fresh market growers planning to keep their crop in until frost should be aware of bacterial diseases, which are affecting both fruit and foliage. Also, growers should be on the look out for late blight as a new report from New York states there is now late blight on tomatoes

    Read More »
  • This Thanksgiving, Thank a Farmer

    on October 10 | in Kim Cooper | by | with Comments Off on This Thanksgiving, Thank a Farmer

    We all know Thanksgiving as a time of year to stop and appreciate all the wonderful things in our lives. It’s a time to step back, recognize, and give thanks for all the people in our lives and everything else that brings us happiness. We also look forward to celebrating the day with an amazing feast, surrounded by love, laughter, and tasty foods. Thanksgiving dinner has to be one of the most anticipated meals of the year, or at least in my home, and a large part of that comes from one group of people: farmers.

    Every Thanksgiving our tables are full of freshly harvested food to share with our friends, family and loved ones. If you have ever wondered where this abundance of delicious food comes from, you are not alone. According to a recent nationwide survey, 93 per cent of Canadians report that they know little or nothing about farming. The good news is though, that two thirds of those people want to know more.

    And, as I mentioned earlier, it is important to appreciate and thank our farmers in Chatham-Kent for all of the hard work they do everyday so that we all have access to a variety of healthy, delicious and affordable food throughout the year.

    Early mornings. Long days. Late nights. Rain, snow, sleet, shine, and most recently, flooding. And clocking in a 40-hour work week by Tuesday or Wednesday. This is the “9 to 5 job” for many of our agricultural producers in CK.

    Over several decades, agriculture has changed to feed not only those who are actively involved in farming, but the rest of the world. In 1960, one farmer could feed 26 people which may seem like a lot. Today, one farmer feeds 155 people. Without our farmers, we would be one hungry community! This fact seems to put in perspective just how important our farmers are.

    While the agriculture world continues to evolve and grow, one thing is for certain. Whether you choose to eat GMO, organic, gluten-free, Paleo, Keto or otherwise this Thanksgiving, you can be sure a farmer somewhere produced it for you.

    We go to the store and carefully pick out each ingredient, forgetting about the feeding, processing, packaging and inspection that goes into everything we buy.

    No matter if you grew up on a farm or in an urban area like yours truly, your Thanksgiving feast was grown by a farmer who has dedicated their life to bringing it to your table.

    As you give thanks on Monday October 14th, don’t forget those who provide for us throughout the year. Thank a farmer.

    God Bless,

    Anthony

    Remember that here in Chatham-Kent “We Grow for the World.” Check out our community agriculture website at wegrowfortheworld.com

    Anthony Wilson is an Economic Development Officer with the Municipality of Chatham-Kent, and can be reached at anthonyw@chatham-kent.ca

    Read More »
  • Current Late Blight Risk In Ontario Field Tomatoes

    on October 2 | in Ag News | by | with Comments Off on Current Late Blight Risk In Ontario Field Tomatoes

    By: Amanda Tracey, Vegetable Crops Specialist, OMAFRA, Ridgetown and Cheryl Trueman, Department of Plant Agriculture, Ridgetown Campus – University of Guelph

    As mentioned in a previous post, this is Year 1 of a three-year research project to assess the value of different spore traps and forecasting models to predict late blight risk for field tomatoes. We are comparing the Spornado and rotorod spore traps at eight sites in Kent County (Fig. 1), along with the BliteCast forecasting model.
    DNA of Phytophthora infestans, the organism that causes late blight, was detected bySpornado traps at 1 of 8 sites for the August 22-26 sampling period (Table 1).
    Rotorod traps detected spores of P. infestans at 7 of 8 sites for the August 19-22 sampling period and 0 of 8 sites for the August 22-26 sampling period (Table 1).

    Aug 28.2019 LB Spore Trap results table

    Table 1. Number of sites out of eight (8) in Kent County, with a positive detection forPhythophthora infestans, the organism that causes late blight.
    * first sampling period with a positive detection for late blight.
    – data currently unavailable

    Late blight symptoms have been confirmed on a few potato plants in Norfolk County.

    Late blight caused by the US-23 genotype has been observed in Wisconsin on potato and in New York and Pennsylvania on tomato and potato, but there are no reports of symptoms on any crops in Michigan.

    A summary of fungicides for late blight management is available here.

    If you suspect late blight in your tomato crop, please reach out to Amanda Tracey (Amanda.tracey@ontario.ca, 519-350-7134) to confirm the diagnosis. Cheryl is away on parental leave and will not be available for the remainder of the growing season.

    Project collaborators: Tomecek Agronomic Services, Sporometrics, Phytodata, and Genevieve Marchand (AAFC).

    Funding acknowledgement: Ontario Tomato Research Institute, Fresh Vegetable Growers of Ontario, and the Ontario Agri-Food Innovation Alliance.

    Links to previous late blight posts from the 2019 season: June 20July 10July 20August 7, August 14, August 21.

    Read More »
  • Let’s Talk Agriculture

    on October 1 | in Kim Cooper | by | with Comments Off on Let’s Talk Agriculture

    I was recently driving on Highway 40 towards Wallaceburg and noticed some short, light green, looking soybeans but after a couple minutes it dawned on me that they were actually dry edible beans – well more specifically white beans. You probably know them best as the beans used in baked beans or the ones that the English have for breakfast – a full English breakfast that is! Anyways, the term dry beans is a little misleading as people call them many different names such as dry beans, edible beans, dry edible beans, common beans or even legumes but whatever you call them the term includes many different types of beans but the main types of dry edible beans grown in Ontario are kidney, cranberry, black, otebo, and adzuki (or azuki) beans as well as the white bean also known as navy bean (called the navy bean because the US Navy has served the beans as a staple to its sailors since the mid-1800s).

    Dry edible beans belong to the plant family called legumes (which also include alfalfa, peanuts and clover among many others) and the crop is typically grown under contract with over 80% of production being exported to the UK, Spain, Italy and Japan which are high end markets because Ontario grows some of the best quality dry beans in the world.

    Although dry edible beans grow and look similar to soybeans they however require special cultural management practices for optimum quality and profitability.  They are not nearly as “hands off” as the soybean. Dry edible beans grow best in soils with excellent soil structure and good drainage therefore they cannot be grown in just any Ontario soil unlike the soybean. However, the seedbed requirements are similar to those for soybeans, including a firm seedbed to enhance a uniform planting depth and good seed-to-soil contact to promote rapid and uniform emergence.  A rotation where beans are grown only once in 3 years (or longer) is essential to avoid the build-up of diseases. The most common diseases encouraged by short rotations are root rots and white mould. Options for controlling annual broadleaf and perennial weeds with herbicides are limited in dry edible beans, so ideally weeds should be controlled in the previous crop. Weeds present at harvest may also create quality problems (i.e., seed staining) and reduce harvest efficiency and decrease the value of the crop.

    Dry edible beans are typically planted in the late spring and harvested in mid-fall and are sensitive to damage at harvest and since they are sold based on eye appeal, seed coat quality and colour are very important. Producing beans that are clean, bright and whole is the ultimate goal and timely harvest is paramount to maintaining quality. The ideal moisture range for harvest is between 16% to 20% and therefore harvesting outside this range will reduce quality.

    As a food, beans can play a role in reducing the risks of developing some chronic conditions and diseases. Edible beans give us the richest source of vegetable protein within our food supply. They are cholesterol free and low in fat, as well as a very high source of dietary fibre. Beans are also an excellent source of energy containing complex carbohydrates as well as a host of vitamins, minerals and other phytonutrients. The bean’s mix of dietary fibre and complex starches give beans an incredibly low Gylcemic Index. Bean rich diets have been shown to prolong satiety. Beans have been noted to impart other health benefits in that they may help in the control of intestinal disorders (colorectal cancer, and irritable bowel syndrome) and cardiovascular disease.

    Information gleaned from Ontario Bean Growers website and OMAFRA website.

    Daryl Vermey was born and raised on a farrow to finish, cash crop family farm just outside of Blenheim, Ontario and has worked in many capacities in the Canadian agricultural industry for both non-profit and for profit companies. Feel free to reach out to him via email at dvermey@gmail.com.

    “Remember that here in Chatham-Kent ‘We Grow for the World’.  Check out our community’s agriculture website at: wegrowfortheworld.com

     

    Read More »
Scroll to top